Here are this week's Friday Fun Facts about Diana Gabaldon's books.
1) Pennyroyal (scientific name Mentha pulegium) is a perennial herb, the smallest member of the mint family. (Photo credit: Gardenology.org.) It was widely used for centuries as a medicinal herb. According to Culpeper's Complete Herbal, published in 1814:
Being boiled and drank, it provokes women's courses, and expels the dead child and after-birth, and stays the disposition to vomit, being taken in water and vinegar mingled together. And being mingled with honey and salt, it voids phlegm out of the lungs, and purges melancholy by the stool. Drank with wine, it helps such as are bitten and stung with venomous beasts, and applied to the nostrils with vinegar, revives those that are fainting and swooning. Being dried and burnt, it strengthens the gums. It is helpful to those that are troubled with the gout, being applied of itself to the place until it was red; and applied in a plaister, it takes away spots or marks in the face.Unfortunately, pennyroyal is highly toxic when ingested. The most common use of pennyroyal today is as a natural insect repellent, as we saw in DRUMS OF AUTUMN:
The bugs had been a ubiquitous plague. I inspected Jamie’s skin minutely every morning, picking voracious ticks and wood fleas from his crevices, and anointed all of the men liberally with the juice of crushed pennyroyal and tobacco leaves. This kept them from being devoured alive by the clouds of mosquitoes, gnats, and carnivorous midge that hung in the sun-tinged shadows of the woods, but it didn’t prevent the hordes of inquisitive bugs from driving them mad with a constant tickling inquiry into ears, eyes, noses, and mouths.
(From DRUMS OF AUTUMN by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 2, "In Which We Meet a Ghost". Copyright© 1997 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
2) This photo shows a hip bath made from galvanized tin. This example dates from the 19th century, but I imagine the ones used in Jamie and Claire's time would have been similar.
As the door closed behind the maid, Jamie relaxed into the tub, high at the back to allow for lounging; the feeling of the times seemed to be that once having gone to the trouble of filling a bath, one might as well enjoy it. His stubbled face assumed an expression of bliss as he sank gradually lower into the steaming water, a flush of heat reddening his fair skin. His eyes were closed, and a faint mist of moisture gleamed across the high, broad cheekbones and shone in the hollows beneath his eyesockets.These hip baths were rather small by our standards today (not being designed to immerse the whole body at once), and would have been quite cramped for a man of Jamie's size! Imagine Jamie soaking in that bathtub in Paris, with his legs dangling over the side. <g>
(From DRAGONFLY IN AMBER by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 17, "Possession". Copyright© 1992 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
This is a bathtub used by King George III at Kew Palace. For more information, look here.
3) This photo shows what bridies look like. (Photo credit: browningsthebakers, on Flickr.)
A bridie was a plump hot pie in a half-moon shape, filled with minced steak and suet and spiced with onion. A rush of hot, rich juice and flaky pastry filled her mouth, and she closed her eyes in bliss.These tasty meat-filled pastries are sometimes known as Forfar bridies, for the town in Scotland where they originated. I've only tried one once, at a Highland Games a few years ago in North Carolina, but I thought it was delicious. If you'd like to try making them yourself, check out Brianna's Bridies from Outlander Kitchen, or look here for another recipe.
“The food was either terribly bad or terribly good,” Claire had said, describing her adventures in the past. “That’s because there’s no way of keeping things; anything you eat has either been salted or preserved in lard, if it isn’t half rancid--or else it’s fresh off the hoof or out of the garden, in which case it can be bloody marvelous.”
The bridie was bloody marvelous, Brianna decided, even if it did keep dropping crumbs down the top of her bodice.
(From DRUMS OF AUTUMN by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 35, "Bon Voyage". Copyright© 1997 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
4) This is the memorial to those who fell in battle at Prestonpans, in September 1745.
I furrowed my brow, trying to recall every last scrap of information. I could conjure a mental picture of the small, tattered brown copy of A Child’s History of England, read by the flickering light of a kerosene lantern in a mud hut somewhere in Persia. Mentally flicking the pages, I could just recall the two-page section that was all the author had seen fit to devote to the second Jacobite Rising, known to historians as “the ’45.” And within that two-page section, the single paragraph dealing with the battle we were about to fight.From Wikipedia:
“The Scots win,” I said helpfully.
“Well, that’s the important point,” he agreed, a bit sarcastically, “but it would be a bit of help to know a little more.”
“If you wanted prophecy, you should have gotten a seer,” I snapped, then relented. “I’m sorry. It’s only that I don’t know much, and it’s very frustrating.”
(From DRAGONFLY IN AMBER by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 36, "Prestonpans". Copyright© 1992 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
To prevent a surprise attack during the night, [the English General] Cope kept fires burning in front of his position and posted no less than 200 dragoons and 300 infantry as pickets. At the crack of dawn however, at 6 am on 21 September 1745, Cope's dragoons beheld the spectacle of 1,400 Highlanders charging through the early mist making "wild Highland war cries and with the bloodcurdling skirl of the pipes...."For more information about the history of the battle, look here and here.
You may have heard about the Prestonpans Tapestry, a series of 104 handmade tapestry panels commemorating the battle. The tapestry was completed in 2010. You can see a slideshow of the panels here. The panel shown above depicts the wounded men from both sides being cared for after the battle, just as we saw in DRAGONFLY. (Click on the photo for a bigger view.)
5) Here's a video of "Birnie Bouzle", performed by Drinkers Drouth.
"Don’t forget your guitar!” Bree called after [Roger] as he headed for the door. He glanced back at her, surprised.I had never heard of this song before I read THE FIERY CROSS, but I like it very much. You can see the lyrics here.
“Da wants you to sing. Wait, he gave me a list.”
“A list? Of what?” To the best of Roger’s knowledge, Jamie Fraser paid no attention whatever to music. It rankled him a bit, in fact, though he seldom admitted it--that his own greatest skill was one that Fraser didn’t value.
“Songs, of course.” She furrowed her brow, conjuring up the memorized list. “He wants you to do ‘Ho Ro!’ and ‘Birniebouzle,’ and ‘The Great Silkie’--you can do other stuff in between, he said, but he wants those--and then get into the warmongering stuff."
(From THE FIERY CROSS by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 23, "The Bard". Copyright© 2001 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
I hope you enjoyed these Friday Fun Facts! Look here to see all of my Friday Fun Facts blog posts.
*** IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT ***
This will be the last all-new installment of the Friday Fun Facts for a few months. With the publication of WRITTEN IN MY OWN HEART'S BLOOD only days away now, and the TV series premiere on August 9, I'm going to be extremely busy trying to manage the discussions on Compuserve, and I just won't have the time to do the research that the FFF requires.
However, I do intend to post occasional "Best of the FFF" collections, as I've done in the past. (You can see the previous collections here.)
I'm not necessarily stopping for good; I'm sure that the new book will provide lots of entertaining bits that would make good FFF topics, and eventually, when things calm down online, maybe I'll do a post or two focusing on MOHB. But for now, I really need a break from it.
Thanks very much to all of you for your support and encouragement over the past 28 months! It's immensely gratifying to me to see how much everyone (including Diana Gabaldon) enjoys my Friday Fun Facts.